Herons in a nest


Common Vancouver wildlife



In Vancouver, "wildlife" is defined as all amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals, both native and not native to the province, excluding any domesticated animal under the control of a human. That includes a huge range of species, including:

  • Almost 500 species of birds (including pigeons, geese, and seagulls)
  • More than 140 species of mammals (including squirrels, raccoons, and rabbits)
  • Dozens of species of reptiles and amphibians
  • More than 400 species of fish (including both freshwater and saltwater)

What about ‘problem’ animals?

Some species are not protected by legislation. Some animals who are nuisances can be addressed humanely by using private pest control companies. These include: 

  • Common rock doves (pigeons), European starlings, mute swans, and peacocks
  • Rabbits, rats, and Eastern grey squirrels

The Parks Control By-Law applies to all wild and feral animals, including problem animals such as those listed above.

Learn more about urban wildlife control and how to report wildlife

Who looks after wildlife

BC wildlife is protected under the BC Wildlife Act, which is administered by the provincial Ministry of the Environment.

The Vancouver Park Board enforces by-laws related to wildlife feeding to protect animals and humans from negative interactions. 

Urban coyotes

Understanding and respecting coyote behaviour allows humans and coyotes to peacefully coexist.

Vancouver Bird Strategy

Our strategy works to create conditions for native birds to thrive in Vancouver.

Canada geese

Get facts on Canada geese and population control, and what you can do about Canada geese.


In some Vancouver parks, notably Jericho Beach, there are populations of invasive European Rabbits.


The Pacific Great Blue Herons have returned to the colony at the Park Board office at 2099 Beach Avenue.


Learn about the at-risk bat species we share our city with, and how to coexist with them.