xʷməθkʷəy̓əm (Musqueam) heritage and archaeology

What you need to know

xʷməθkʷəy̓əm (Musqueam) have lived in the place now known as Vancouver since time immemorial. xʷməθkʷəy̓əm are the sovereign managers of their own heritage resources – archaeological sites, named places, spiritual places – a role they have always filled and a role xʷməθkʷəy̓əm continues to fill today.

Many xʷməθkʷəy̓əm heritage, archaeological, and cultural sites are located within Vancouver. These sites are vulnerable to development and other ground disturbing activities, such as landscaping, fencing, tree removal and planting, and natural erosion.

xʷməθkʷəy̓əm heritage, archaeological, and cultural sites have been significantly impacted by development as Vancouver has grown. Vancouver is only a portion of xʷməθkʷəy̓əm territory.

This page was co-developed by the City of Vancouver and xʷməθkʷəy̓əm. It provides important information about respectful and lawful management of xʷməθkʷəy̓əm heritage resources for Vancouver residents, developers, property owners, and those responsible for ground disturbance.

xʷməθkʷəy̓əm (Musqueam) territory

Important cultural places, including archaeological sites, still hold great significance to, and are actively managed by the xʷməθkʷəy̓əm People.

Protecting archaeological sites and heritage resources

Get information on protecting xʷməθkʷəy̓əm archaeological sites and heritage resources, including tips for hiring a professional archaeologist.

Reconciliation is our shared responsibility

Vancouver residents, developers, and property owners play an important role and have a responsibility in the journey to Reconciliation. Reconciliation is the responsibility of every non-Indigenous person in Canada, and that includes respectful cultural heritage management.

Learn more