Diversity, Inclusion, and Indigenous Relations Section : Citizens' Police Academy | Love Who You Want | FAQs

Diversity, inclusion, and INDIGENOUS rELATIONS Section FAQs

Q. What is a hate crime?

Section 718.2 of the Criminal Code of Canada designates crimes motivated by bias, prejudice or hate towards a victim’s race, national or ethnic origin, language, colour, religion, sex, age, mental or physical disability, sexual orientation, or gender identity or expression, or on any other similar factor, as crimes that should be deemed to have aggravating circumstances. This section pertains to the sentencing of offenders who have been found to commit crimes as a result of bias, prejudice or hate towards the victim.

Q. What is hate propaganda?

Two sections in the Criminal Code of Canada deal with hate propaganda:

Section 318 – Advocating genocide

This section describes the offence of advocating or promoting genocide. Genocide is the intent to destroy, in whole or in part, any identifiable group by:

  • killing members of the group; or
  • deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction.

An identifiable group means any section of the public distinguished by colour, race, religion, national or ethnic origin, age, sex, sexual orientation, gender identity or expression, or mental or physical disability.

Section 319 (1) - Public incitement of hatred

Every one who, by communicating statements in any public place, incites hatred against any identifiable group where such incitement is likely to lead to a breach of the peace.

Section 319 (2) - Wilful promotion of hatred

Every one who, by communicating statements, other than in private conversation, wilfully promotes hatred against any identifiable group.

Q. What is the definition of mischief to religious property?

Section 430(4.1) of the Criminal Code of Canada is used to specifically address crimes against places of worship. This section is worded as such:

Every one who commits mischief in relation to property that is a building, structure or part thereof that is primarily used for religious worship, including a church, mosque, synagogue or temple, or an object associated with religious worship located in or on the grounds of such a building or structure, or a cemetery, if the commission of the mischief is motivated by bias, prejudice or hate based on religion, race, colour or national or ethnic origin.

Q. How do I report a hate crime?

If you feel your personal safety is at immediate risk, call 9-1-1. Stay calm and provide as much detail as you can. Record all information regarding the incident.

If your personal safety is not at immediate risk, call our non-emergency line at 604-717-3321.

Hate Crime investigator Detective Constable Jacquie Abbott can be reached at 604-717-2908 or by email at jacquie.abbott@vpd.ca.


Other FAQs

See the VPD's list of general frequently asked questions (FAQs).